105型无人机
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  我国ASN-104/105型无人机

  

  


 

  ASN-104 (D-4) unmanned aerial vehicle (Chinese Internet).
 

  ASN-104型(D-4)无人机(我国英特网)

  

The ASN-104 (also known as D-4) tactical unmanned reconnaissance aerial vehicle (URAV) was developed by Xian ASN Technology Group Company, a commercial company of the Northwest Polytechnic University (NPU) in early 1980s. The ASN-105 is an improved variant introduced in the early 1990s. The ASN-104/105 was the first generation indigenous tactical URAV in service with the PLA, designed for battlefield reconnaissance, day/night surveillance, border patrol, artillery spotting, and aerial photography and prospecting roles.

  

ASN-104型(也便是D-4型)战术无人侦查机(URAV)由西安爱生技能集团公司开展,1980年前期西北理工大学(NPU)建立的一家商业公司。ASN-105型是一种在1990年前期推出的改进型。ASN-104/105型是在PLA执役的第一代国产战术无人侦查机(URAV),规划用于战场侦查、昼/夜监督、落井下石 Lily无人机或无法交还众筹金钱。边境巡查、火炮(落弹)观测、航空摄影和探矿使命。

  

Programme

  

NPU began to develop a lightweight tactical battlefield surveillance uav in the early 1980s. The resulted D-4 (ASN-104) made its first flight in October 1983 and entered batch production in 1985. The D-4 was designed for military reconnaissance and civil aerial photographic survey. The onboard optical and night vision cameras can provide real-time TV images of the battlefield within 60km range. The ASN-105 was developed in the mid-1980s based on the ASN-104, but with an extended range of 100km and an improved ground control system.

  

方案

  

NPU在1980年前期开端开展一种轻型战术战场监督UAV。D-4(ASN-104型)在1983年10月作了它的初次飞翔并在1985年进入了批量制作。D-4被规划用于军事侦查和民用航空照相丈量。机载光学和夜视摄像机能在60公里规模内供给战场实时电视图画。ASN-105型根据ASN-104型在1980年中期开展,可是具有100公里的更大规模和一套改进地上操控体系。

  

Design

  

The ASN-104 has high-mounted wings, slightly tapered from roots to tips. The ASN-105’s wings are high-mounted, straight to the midsection, and tapered from mid-wing to tips. The engine is a single, prop-driven engine in the nose section. The fuselage is round and tapers to front and rear, with fixed landing pads. The tail flats are high-mounted on the body and equally tapered. The fin is equally tapered.

  

规划

  

ASN-104型选用高翼位,从翼根到翼尖细微渐缩。ASN-105型高翼位,从翼根笔直到中部并从中部到翼尖渐缩。单发动机,螺旋桨驱动发动机在机头部位。圆形机身和自始至终渐细,选用固定登陆橇。高翼位尾平翼设备在机身上并呈梯形,尾直翼也呈梯形。

  

The ASN-104/105 is powered by a HS-510 four cylinder dual ignition air cooled piston engine with a power rating of 22kw. The engine uses ordinary automobile fuel.

  

ASN-104/105型动力由一台HS-510型四缸双活塞气冷活塞发动机供给具有22千瓦功率,发动机运用一般轿车燃料。

  

A complete UAV system comprises six UAVs and a ground control station. The ground control station consists of a command & control vehicle, a mobile control vehicle, a mobile photo processing vehicle, and a mobile television image processing vehicle. The UAV is launched by rocket boosters from a mobile launcher, and recovered by parachute. The UAV is fitted with an under-fuselage impact absorbing device to minimise the damage caused during recovering.

  

一套完好UAV体系包含六架UAV和一套地上操控站。地上操控站由一辆指挥&操控车、一辆机动操控车、一辆机动相片处理车和一辆机动电视图画处理车组成。UAV选用火箭助推器从一个机动发射架发射,并被降落伞收回。UAV设备运用一种机身下减震设备去把收回期间发生的危害减到最低。

  

The UAV is fitted with an aerial photographic camera and a television imaging system with night vision channel. The imagery intelligence can be transmitted to the ground station in real-time,orstored in data storage devices. In a typical mission, the photographic camera can cover an area of up to 1,700 square kilometres. The size of the photo is 18cm X 18cm. Later variants could carry night vision devices and CCD cameras.

  

UAV配备有一台航空照相机和一套电视图画体系。图画情报能被实时传送到地上站或贮存在数据存储设备中。在一个典型使命中,照相机能掩盖1,700平方公里区域。相片巨细18厘米X18厘米。稍后改型能够带着夜视型器材和CCD照相机。

  

Ground Station

  

The ground station of the ASN-104 includes the radio tracking system, radio remote-control system, radio positioning and television image processing equipment. Each control station has two crewmembers: a navigator/commander and a UAV controller. If necessary, the radio tracking and remote-controlling systems can be disintegrated from the command and control vehicle and become man-portable. The aerial photographic photos and television images are processed in the mobile photo processing vehicle (dark room) and the mobile television image processing vehicle respectively.